Recycled Content (2)

To avoid the environmental consequences of extracting and processing virgin materials by using recycled and reclaimed materials.

  • 50% of the volume of an 8-inch concrete masonry wall is GROUT
  • Wider walls are greater than 50% grout
  • CMU are appx. 2.5 sack mixes, whereas grout is appx. a 7 sack mix
  • Greater amounts of SCM are possible in grout than in cmu
  • Grout is hidden, no effect on aesthetics
CalGreen A5.405.4 (except structural frame)
CHPS MW 3.1: 2 pts.
GGlobes up to 10 pts.
BDCv4 MR BPDO - Sourcing of raw materials Op 2: up to 2 pts.
BDCv4.1 MR BPDO - Sourcing of Raw Materials: up to 2 pts.
NDCv4 GIB Recycled and reused infrastructure: 1 pt.
SITES SD-MS 5.5 Use recycled content materials: 3-4 pts.
Products /
  • Concrete unit masonry
  • Interlocking concrete pavements
  • Permeable interlocking concrete pavements
  • Decorative landscape walls
  • Proto-II™ post tension masonry site walls

  Concrete unit masonry includes low impact CarbonKind CMU by Angelus Block. Learn more here.

Masonry grout is approximately 50% or more of the volume of solid grouted concrete masonry, and has substantially greater potential sustainability benefit than recycled content in CMU alone. Fly ash, or fly ash combined with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS), may be used as a partial Portland cement replacement, and as a practical means of introducing significant recycled content into the masonry wall without adversely affecting aesthetic control of exposed masonry units.

The Concrete Masonry Association of California and Nevada recently conducted studies to demonstrate the effects of fly ash in masonry grout. Tests were conducted on mix designs with fly ash and fly ash/GGBFS as replacement of cement. Results indicated:

  • Grouts with up to 30% by weight of Portland cement replaced with Class F fly ash can be treated as conventional masonry grout.
  • Grouts with 40% to 50% by weight of Portland cement replaced with Class F fly ash are viable; compressive strength should be tested at 42 days, and should not have a significant effect on the overall project schedule.
  • Grouts with 50% to 80% by weight of Portland cement replaced by fly ash (25%) and GGBFS (varying %) are also viable.
  • These grouts have other benefits, such as increased workability.

Grout is 50% and more of a concrete masonry wall, and can contain 50% or more in SCM replacement.

Availability and specific mix designs will vary by local grout suppliers, who should be consulted for specifications. Please contact the Concrete Masonry Association of California and Nevada (CMACN),, or your Angelus Block representative for more information.

Recycled Content (2)