Wall Weights and Areas

(Excerpted from 2015 Design of Reinforced Masonry Structures, published by CMACN)

Average Weight of Completed Wall1 (psf) and Equivalent Solid Thickness (in)

NOTE: The pcf values as shown above are examples, and are not intended as exact criteria for specifications. CMU must meet ASTM C90, which provides density ranges for each weight classification.

1 The above table gives the average weights of completed walls of various thickness in pounds per square foot of wall face area. An average amount has been added into these values to include the weight of bond beams and reinforcing steel. Weight of grout is assumed at 140 pcf.

2 Equivalent solid thickness means the calculated thickness of the wall if there were not hollow cores, and is obtained by dividing the volume of solid material in the wall by the face area of the wall. This Equivalent Solid Thickness (EST) is for the determination of area for structural design only, e.g. fs = P/(EST)b. It is NOT to be used to obtain fire ratings. Fire rating thickness is based either on equivalent solid thickness of ungrouted units only or solid grouted walls.

CMU per Square Foot of Wall Area

Unit Length
16 18 24
4 2.25 2.00 -
6 1.50 1.33 -
8 1.125 1.00 .75
Wall Area = 12,500 Sq. Ft.
Unit Face Size = 8 x 16
12,500 x 1.125 = 14,063 Units

Angelus Block Co., Inc. supplies this information as an educational aid in understanding the benefits of concrete masonry construction and our products. It is the responsibility of the user to obtain engineering or other advisory services from licensed professionals as the basis for incorporating into any project any information, detail, or product offered herein.

Wall Weights and Areas